If you’re like most people, you’ve caught the flu many times. And chicken pox? Probably. Strep throat? Also likely. As an adult, your immune system has already been through the ringer. While these experiences were hard on your body in the short-term, they added up to a tougher immune system in the long-term.
Our little ones don’t have that luxury, or immune strength. So, the flu in kids can be very serious. In fact, a recent study from the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy showed that it’s the youngest kids who are most at risk of serious complications from the flu. And unfortunately, hospitalizations due to influenza have spiked in the past decade – an indication that the flu may be getting harder to fight.
If your child is sick and you’re wondering if it’s the flu, spotting certain flu symptoms early is key to helping your kiddo recover more quickly. Here’s how to identify flu symptoms in your kids, and how to treat the flu fast.
Early flu symptoms in kids to watch for
Whether they pick it up on the playground, daycare or at school, the flu comes on quickly in kids – and grownups, too. Usually signs of flu in babies, toddlers and big kids begin to show up between one and four days after infection.
Knowing how to spot the symptoms early can help your child recover and alleviate symptoms faster. The first 48 hours are most important, and many parents have a hard time identifying whether their child is dealing with the flu versus a common cold.
Here are symptoms that signal it’s the flu, and not a cold:
- It comes on suddenly
- Fever is greater than 100° Fahrenheit
- Coughing is dry and gunk-free
- There’s a noticeable headache
- Child experiences sudden weakness or exhaustion
- It’s accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea
How to treat flu in kids
When your child is sick, all you want is for them to start feeling better. And getting help within the first 48 hours can help speed recovery.
1. Use home remedies for your child’s flu symptoms
As soon as you notice any symptoms of illness, there are few things you can do at home while you monitor the situation or wait to get a doctor’s appointment:
- Help your child stay hydrated. Hydration is the most important aspect. Encourage your child to take small sips of water, juice, chicken soup or warm liquids. They may have a reduced appetite, and that’s okay – but make sure they are drinking plenty of liquids.
- Let them rest. Rest will speed recovery. Encourage naps, and help them get to bed early at night.
- Try a saline nasal spray. Using a saline spray to open up your child’s clogged nose can help them breathe easier, feel less pressure and relax.
- Give your child only the medication your doctor recommends. Ibuprofen or acetaminophen are often recommended to reduce fever and relieve aches. But you should never give your child aspirin or over-the-counter flu medications. Call your doctor’s office to discuss your child’s specific symptoms and to get recommendations.
2. Stay home and get quality care online
The sooner your child can get an official diagnosis and treatment plan, the better. For example, your child’s doctor may prescribe antivirals to help protect your kiddo from severe flu complications like ear infections. Antivirals can be more effective when taken closer to the onset of symptoms.
But bringing your child to the clinic or urgent care can be hard when they’re feeling icky and need to rest. Plus, if they have a high fever and it is the flu, they’re probably contagious. The good news is that you can get quality online flu treatment and care in a couple of ways.
Make a video visit appointment for face-to-face care from a doctor or nurse practitioner
With video visits, your doctor will listen to your symptoms, answer questions and work with you to create a tailored treatment plan if needed.
Schedule a video visit
Start a virtual visit anytime, anyplace through Virtuwell
With Virtuwell, our online clinic, no appointment is necessary – and treatment is available 24/7. Getting started is easy. Here’s how it works:
- We’ll ask you a few questions about your child and their symptoms
- A board-certified nurse practitioner will review your answers, make a diagnosis and provide a treatment plan – all in about an hour
- If a prescription is needed, the nurse can send it to a pharmacy of your choosing
- Staff are available 24/7 in case you have any follow-up questions
- Each visit is just $59 or less, depending on your insurance, and that includes any follow-up or questions along the way
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3. Call our 24/7 nurse line if you need help at any time
When you need advice fast, we have a team of nurses ready to help. They can talk with you about the symptoms your child is experiencing. They’ll help you decide whether online treatment is a good next step or if you should take your child in right away.
To talk with a nurse, you can call the HealthPartners CareLine℠ at 800-551-0859 or the Park Nicollet Nurse Line at 952-993-4665.
4. Know when to take your child to the emergency room for the flu
Influenza is a serious illness that can lead to complications sometimes, especially in infants and toddlers. Go to your nearest emergency room if your child:
- Experienced flu-like symptoms that improved but then returned worse
- Is less than 3 months old and has a fever of above 100.4° Fahrenheit
- Is between 3 months old and 3 years old, has a fever of above 100.4° Fahrenheit, and is showing signs of dehydration (e.g. dry eyes or mouth, hasn’t urinated in several hours)
- Has a fever and unusual breathing (e.g. difficulty breathing, panting or wheezing)
- Has a fever with rash
- Has chest pain or pressure
- Has sudden dizziness or confusion
- Has severe or persistent vomiting
- Has skin or lips that have turned gray or blue
- Is extremely irritable
- Is not eating or drinking
- Not waking up or interacting with you
5. Bonus: Get your child a flu shot every year
Do flu shots actually work? Yes. Annual flu vaccinations can help reduce the chances of your child getting the flu by up to 60%, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). If they do get the flu, the flu vaccine can help reduce the severity of their symptoms and the risk of hospitalization.
Children between 6 months and 8 years old who haven’t been vaccinated for the flu before need two doses. They should get their first shot as soon as the vaccine is available for the season, which is usually in early September. That way they can get their second dose by the end of October. If your child has been vaccinated before, they only need one dose, and they should also get it by the end of October.
Getting your child a flu shot is easy. This year, we’re offering drive-up appointments and in-clinic appointments. Both are convenient, fast and safe.
Learn more about flu shots and why annual vaccination is important.
If you think your child has the flu, don’t delay getting them the care they need
Unfortunately, flu season is a long one, usually starting in October and lasting as late as May. But knowing how to spot the early flu symptoms in children and how to get them the care they need can offer you peace of mind and get your little one feeling better fast.
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