Posterior scapula approaches: Extensile and Modified Judet
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The Extensile Judet has been widely used in the management of scapula fractures. An enhanced understanding of these injuries, however, has allowed for the strategic development of alternative methods in which soft tissues may be better spared. The purpose of this video is to highlight the indications and techniques for 2 posterior approaches to the scapula: The Extensile Judet and the Modified Judet. Case 1 demonstrates the Modified Judet approach. The "boomerang" incision follows the curve of the scapula spine and vertebral border, and fixation occurs through an intermuscular window. Case 2 illustrates the Extensile Judet. The incision is identical to that of the Modified Judet, but differs in that posterior musculature is elevated in 1 periosteocutaneous flap. The utility of 2 different posterior approaches to the scapula are described. Both include the same incision, but differ with regards to management of the musculature overlying the fracture. The Modified Judet lacks the exposure of the Extensile approach, but significant soft-tissue trauma is avoided. Regarding the Extensile Judet, substantial tissue trauma is incurred to gain the exposure necessary for complex fracture patterns. Reduction goals, wound closure, and postoperative care remain the same for both approaches. Both approaches are valuable in terms of operative management of scapula fractures, although certain populations may benefit from tissue-sparing procedures.
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