Dietary management of blood glucose in medical critically ill overweight and obese patients: an open-label randomized trial Journal Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition (EN) increases hyperglycemia due to high carbohydrate concentrations while providing insufficient protein. The study tested whether an EN formula with very high-protein- and low-carbohydrate-facilitated glucose control delivered higher protein concentrations within a hypocaloric protocol. METHODS: This was a multicenter, randomized, open-label clinical trial with parallel design in overweight/obese mechanically ventilated critically ill patients prescribed 1.5 g protein/kg ideal body weight/day. Patients received either an experimental very high-protein (37%) and low-carbohydrate (29%) or control high-protein (25%) and conventional-carbohydrate (45%) EN formula. RESULTS: A prespecified interim analysis was performed after enrollment of 105 patients (52 experimental, 53 control). Protein and energy delivery for controls and experimental groups on days 1-5 were 1.2 +/- 0.4 and 1.1 +/- 0.3 g/kg ideal body weight/day (P = .83), and 18.2 +/- 6.0 and 12.5 +/- 3.7 kcals/kg ideal body weight/day (P < .0001), respectively. The combined rate of glucose events outside the range of >110 and 150 mg/dL decreased (Delta = -13%, P = .015), whereas that of 80-110 mg/dL increased (Delta = 14%, P = .0007). Insulin administration decreased 10.9% (95% CI, -22% to 0.1%; P = .048) in the experimental group relative to the controls. Glycemic events

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publication date

  • 2019