Normative data of the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, JR in a healthy United States population
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BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) play a vital role in the care we provide our patients. To help understand the application of PROMs in arthroplasty, normative and benchmark data to serve as a comparison to patients presurgery and postsurgery would be extremely valuable. We collected normative data of the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), JR on a healthy population, greater than 17 years of age, in the United States devoid of hip injury and/or surgery. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, where hard copy surveys were administered to 1140 patients, being seen for an orthopedic issue unrelated to their hip, and nonpatient visitors in July 2018 at an outpatient orthopedic clinic in a suburban metropolitan city. Participants were eligible if they self-reported a medical history negative for hip arthroplasty, current hip pain/disability, or hip procedure (surgery or injection) within the past year. Mean, standard deviation, 95% confidence intervals, and ranges on the HOOS, JR interval scores were calculated by sex, age decade, body mass index (BMI), reason for visit, history of orthopedic procedure, and medical history. RESULTS: We included 425 men and 575 women in the final study cohort. Women aged between 70+ years reported the lowest mean interval score (mean = 89.8). Overall women scored lower as well (93.3 vs 95.7, P = .001). There was not a statistical difference between the interval scores by tobacco consumption (93.5 vs 94.4, P = .49) and between patients versus nonpatient visitors (94.2 vs 94.5, P = .672). Lower scores were observed in participants with a past nonhip orthopedic procedure (92.6 vs 94.9, P = .016), with a medical history of a chronic illness (92.5 vs 95.9, P = <.001), and classified as obese (BMI > 30) (91.7 vs 95.2, P < .001). On regression analysis, there was a decrease of 0.3 and 0.1 in the interval score for each unit of BMI and age by year, respectively (P < .001). CONCLUSION: This study provides normative reference values for the HOOS, JR in a US population from a suburban metropolitan city for individuals greater than 17 years of age. These scores can facilitate physician-patient shared decision-making to help patients understand expectations after hip arthroplasty in respect to PROMs.
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