Inhibition of 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3alpha-HSD) activity of human lung microsomes by genistein, daidzein, coumestrol and C(18)-, C(19)- and C(21)-hydroxysteroids and ketosteroids Journal Article uri icon
  • Epidemiologic data suggest a relationship between dietary intake of phytochemicals and a lower incidence of some cancers. Modulation of steroid hormone metabolism has been proposed as a basis for this effect. It has been shown that aromatase, 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17beta-HSD) are inhibited by the isoflavones, genistein and daidzein, and by coumestrol. In general, the extent of inhibition has been expressed in terms of IC50-values, which do not give information as to the pattern of inhibition, i.e., competitive, non-competitive, or mixed. Less is known of the effects of these compounds on 3alpha-HSD. The human lung is known to have a high level of 17beta-HSD and 3alpha-HSD activity. During the course of studies to characterize both activities in normal and inflamed lung and lung tumors we noted that 3alpha-HSD activity with 5alpha-DHT of microsomes from normal, adult lung was particularly susceptible to inhibition by coumestrol. To clarify the pattern of inhibition, the inhibition constants Ki and K'i were evaluated from plots of 1/v versus [I] and [S]/v versus [I]. Genistein, daidzein and coumestrol gave mixed inhibition patterns versus both 5alpha-DHT and NADH. In contrast, 5alpha-androstane-3,17-dione and 5alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione were competitive with 5alpha-DHT. NAD inhibited competitively with NADH. Our findings demonstrate that phytochemicals have the potential to inhibit 5alpha-DHT metabolism and thereby affect the androgen status of the human lung. The observation of a mixed inhibition pattern suggests these compounds bind to more than one form of the enzyme within the catalytic pathway.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2005
  • published in
  • Steroids  Journal
  • Research
  • 3-alpha-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase (B-Specific)/*antagonists &
  • Coumestrol/pharmacology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors/*pharmacology
  • Genistein/pharmacology
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hydroxysteroids/chemistry/*pharmacology
  • Isoflavones/*pharmacology
  • Ketosteroids/pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Lung/*enzymology
  • Microsomes/*enzymology
  • Molecular Structure
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • inhibitors/genetics
  • Additional Document Info
  • 70
  • issue
  • 8