Corridor-diameter-dependent angular tolerance for safe transiliosacral screw placement: an anatomic study of 433 pelves Journal Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the angular tolerance of the S1 and S2 segments to accommodate a transiliosacral screw across both sacroiliac joints. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the angular tolerance for transiliosacral screw placement would be more constrained than the angular tolerance for iliosacral fixation in pelves where a safe osseous corridor was measured. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cortical boundaries of the S1 and S2 sacral segments in 433 pelvic CTs were digitally mapped. A straight-line path was placed within each osseous corridor and extended across both SI joints past the outer iliac cortices. The diameter of the path was increased until it breached the cortex, geometrically determining maximum diameter (Dmax). Angular tolerance for screw placement was calculated with trigonometric analysis of the Dmax value of the corridor, and the average distance from the termination of the osseous corridor to the site of percutaneous insertion. Gender, age, and BMI were evaluated as independent predictors using binomial logistic regression. RESULTS: The transiliosacral angular tolerance for the S1 and S2 osseous corridors was 1.53 ± 0.57 degrees and 1.02 ± 0.33 degrees, respectively. 68.9% of S1 corridors and 81.1% of S2 corridors had a safe zone (corridor diameter ≥ 10 mm) for transiliosacral placement, 48.3% of the pelves had a safe zone for both corridors, while 5.1% had no safe zones. Females had a less frequent Dmax ≥ 10 mm at S1, 52% vs 67% (p = 0.001), and at S2, 64% vs 86% (p < 0.001). DISCUSSION: In conclusion, the angular tolerance of 1.53 and 1.03 degrees for the S1 and S2 segments, respectively, creating a narrow interval for safe passage of the trans-iliac and trans-sacral, with approximately 31.1% of patients not having a viable corridor for screw passage. A correlation exist between S1 and S2 corridors with Dmax ≥ 10 mm and the resulting increase in angular tolerance for safe passage of a transilioscral screw. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: Level Retrospective Cohort.

publication date

  • 2021