Patch testing to carvone: North American Contact Dermatitis Group Experience, 2009 to 2018 Journal Article uri icon
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Carvone, a flavoring agent, may cause allergic contact dermatitis. This study summarizes patch test reactions to carvone in patients tested by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, 2009 to 2018. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients positive to carvone (5% petrolatum). Demographics were compared with those of patients who were negative. Other analyses included reaction strength, clinical relevance, coreactivity with other fragrance/flavor allergens, and exposure sources. RESULTS: Of 24,124 patients tested to carvone, 188 (0.78%) were positive. As compared with carvone-negative patients, carvone-positive patients were significantly more likely older than 40 years (P = 0.0284). Women (76.1%) and/or facial involvement (33.0%) were common in the carvone-positive group but not statistically different from carvone-negative patients; 73.3% (n = 138) of the reactions were currently relevant. Relevant sources were personal care products (46.3%, n = 87) and food (14.3%, n = 27). Coreactivity with other fragrance/flavor markers was present in 60.6% of carvone-positive patients, most commonly fragrance mix I (34.6%), balsam of Peru (24.5%), and cinnamic aldehyde (15.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Ten-year prevalence of carvone sensitivity was 0.78%. Most carvone-positive patients were female, were older than 40 years, and/or had facial dermatitis. Personal care products were the most common source. Two-fifths of carvone reactions would have been missed by relying on other fragrance/flavoring allergens.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2022
  • published in
  • Dermatitis  Journal
  • Research
  • Adverse Effects
  • Dermatitis
  • Additional Document Info
  • 33
  • issue
  • 1