Medical adhesive allergens: retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, 2001-2018 Journal Article uri icon
Overview
abstract
  • BACKGROUND: Identification of allergens causing medical adhesive contact allergy is difficult. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the demographics, clinical characteristics, patch test results, and occupational data for North American Contact Dermatitis Group patients with medical adhesive contact allergy. METHODS: A retrospective study of 43,722 North American Contact Dermatitis Group patients patch tested from 2001 to 2018 with medical adhesive (tapes/bandaids/adhesive aids/suture glue) sources, positive patch test results, and final primary diagnoses of allergic contact dermatitis. RESULTS: In total, 313 (0.7%) patients met the inclusion criteria. Compared with other patients with final primary diagnoses of allergic contact dermatitis, patients with a medical adhesive allergy were less likely to be male (odds ratio, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.45-0.77) and/or aged >40¬†years (odds ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.60-0.96). The most common North American Contact Dermatitis Group screening series allergens were colophony (80.7%), balsam of Peru (3.9%), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (2.7%), and carba mix (2.7%). One-fourth of the patients (79/313, 25.2%) had positive patch test reactions to supplemental allergens/materials, and 54 (17.3%) of the 313 patients only had reactions to supplemental allergens/materials. LIMITATIONS: Results of comprehensive patch testing may be prone to referral population selection bias and may not be representative of the general dermatology population. CONCLUSION: Colophony was the most common allergen. Supplemental allergens and materials should be tested in the evaluation of a suspected medical adhesive contact allergy.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2022
  • Research
    keywords
  • Adverse Effects
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dermatitis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Additional Document Info
    volume
  • 87
  • issue
  • 5