Phase I study of procaspase-activating compound-1 (PAC-1) in the treatment of advanced malignancies Journal Article uri icon
  • BACKGROUND: Procaspase-3 (PC-3) is overexpressed in multiple tumour types and procaspase-activating compound 1 (PAC-1) directly activates PC-3 and induces apoptosis in cancer cells. This report describes the first-in-human, phase I study of PAC-1 assessing maximum tolerated dose, safety, and pharmacokinetics. METHODS: Modified-Fibonacci dose-escalation 3 + 3 design was used. PAC-1 was administered orally at 7 dose levels (DL) on days 1-21 of a 28-day cycle. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was assessed during the first two cycles of therapy, and pharmacokinetics analysis was conducted on days 1 and 21 of the first cycle. Neurologic and neurocognitive function (NNCF) tests were performed throughout the study. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were enrolled with 33 completing ≥ 2 cycles of therapy and evaluable for DLT. DL 7 (750 mg/day) was established as the recommended phase 2 dose, with grade 1 and 2 neurological adverse events noted, while NNCF testing showed stable neurologic and cognitive evaluations. PAC-1's t(1/2) was 28.5 h after multi-dosing, and systemic drug exposures achieved predicted therapeutic concentrations. PAC-1 clinical activity was observed in patients with neuroendocrine tumour (NET) with 2/5 patients achieving durable partial response. CONCLUSIONS: PAC-1 dose at 750 mg/day was recommended for phase 2 studies. Activity of PAC-1 in treatment-refractory NET warrants further investigation. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical NCT02355535.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2023
  • published in
  • Cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • Clinical Trials
  • Drugs and Drug Therapy
  • Additional Document Info
  • 128
  • issue
  • 5