First tarsometatarsal joint fusion for hallux valgus deformity: a retrospective comparison of two fixation constructs regarding initial maintenance of correction and complications: traditional crossing screw fixation versus dorsomedial locking plate and intercuneiform compression screw Journal Article uri icon
  • Various fixation constructs exist to address hallux valgus when performing a first tarsometatarsal joint arthrodesis. The goal of this present study is to compare complication rates, and degree and maintenance of angular correction between a dorsomedial locking plate with intercuneiform compression screw construct versus traditional crossing solid screw fixation construct. The plate plus intercuneiform compression screw construct fixation utilized a combined sagittal saw and curette method of joint preparation while the crossed screw fixation group utilized a curette and bur technique. A retrospective review was conducted of consecutive patients who underwent a midfoot fusion using either constructs. Sixty four total feet in 56 patients were enrolled in the study. Twenty four consecutive patients (32 feet) who underwent a midfoot arthrodesis using the locking plate and intercuneiform fixation were fully fused (100%) by 10 weeks postoperatively, with no incidents of nonunion and one deep vein thrombosis event. Thirty two consecutive patients (32 feet) who underwent midfoot arthrodesis with crossing screw fixation had 2 nonunion events, one that was asymptomatic and the other that required a revision midfoot fusion. There was a statistically significant improvement from the pre-operative intermetatarsal angle, hallux abductus angle compared to the 10 week and 1 year radiographs (p < .05) for the entire cohort for both fixation constructs. There was a statistically significant increase in American College of Foot and Ankle Surgery first ray scores from pre-op to 1 year follow-up for both fixation constructs. Overall, the dorsomedial locking plate plus intercuneiform compression screw fixation construct better maintains Intermetatarsal angle (IMA) correction at midterm follow-up compared to the traditional crossing screw construct. Both cohorts overall demonstrate similar fusion rates at 10 weeks, nonunion events, incidences of broken hardware, hardware removal, deep vein thrombosis, neuritis at 1 year postoperatively, and hallux varus.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2023
  • published in
  • Foot
  • Orthopedics
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgery
  • Additional Document Info
  • 62
  • issue
  • 2