Discordance between glucose management indicator and glycated hemoglobin in people without diabetes Journal Article uri icon
  • Background: In recent years, continuous glucose monitor (CGM) use is increasing in people without diabetes to promote healthy lifestyle. CGM metrics such as glucose management indicator (GMI), a statistical formula to estimate glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from sensor glucose, is commonly used to approximate HbA1c. This study was aimed to evaluate discordance between GMI and HbA1c in people without diabetes. Methods: Children and nonpregnant adults (age ≥ 6 years) without diabetes (laboratory HbA1c <5.7% and negative islet antibodies) were invited to participate in a multicenter prospective study aimed to evaluate glycemic profiles in nondiabetic individuals. Each participant wore a blinded Dexcom G6 for up to 10 days. GMI was calculated from mean sensor glucose and discordance between GMI and HbA1c was analyzed. Results: Of 201 screened participants, 153 participants (mean age 31.2 ± 21.0 years, 66.0% female, HbA1c 5.1% ± 0.3%) were included in the analysis. Mean GMI was 0.59% higher than laboratory HbA1c in participants without diabetes. The discordance between GMI and HbA1c of 0.4% or greater was 71% in participants without diabetes compared with 39% in the original GMI development cohort. Conclusion: GMI does not accurately estimate HbA1c in healthy people without diabetes. Clinical trial registration number is: NCT00717977.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2023
  • published in
  • Blood
  • Drugs and Drug Therapy
  • Measurement
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Prospective Studies
  • Additional Document Info
  • 25
  • issue
  • 5