Care management processes important for high-quality diabetes care Journal Article uri icon
  • OBJECTIVE: Identify the improvement in diabetes performance measures and population-based clinical outcomes resulting from changes in care management processes (CMP) in primary care practices over 3 years. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional study tracked clinical performance measures for all diabetes patients seen in a cohort of 330 primary care practices in 2017 and 2019. Unit of analysis was patient-year with practice-level CMP exposures. Causal inference is based on dynamic changes in individual CMPs between years by practice. We used the Bayesian method to simultaneously estimate a five-outcome model: A1c, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, guideline-based statin use, and Optimal Diabetes Care (ODC). We control for unobserved time-invariant practice characteristics and secular change. We modeled correlation of errors across outcomes. Statistical significance was identified using 99% Bayesian credible intervals (analogous to P < 0.01). RESULTS: Implementation of 18 of 62 CMPs was associated with statistically significant improvements in patient outcomes. Together, these resulted in 12.1% more patients meeting ODC performance measures. Different CMPs affected different outcomes. Three CMPs accounted for 47% of the total ODC improvement, 68% of A1c decrease, 21% of SBP reduction, and 55% of statin use increase: 1) systems for identifying and reminding patients due for testing, 2) after-visit follow-up by a nonclinician, and 3) guideline-based clinician reminders for preventive services during a clinic visit. CONCLUSIONS: Effective quality improvement in primary care focuses on practice redesign that clearly improves diabetes outcomes. Tailoring CMP adoption in primary care provides effective improvement in ODC performance through focused changes in diabetes outcomes.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2023
  • published in
  • Diabetes care  Journal
  • Research
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes
  • Drugs and Drug Therapy
  • Primary Health Care
  • Quality Improvement
  • Additional Document Info
  • 46
  • issue
  • 10