Optimizing patient-reported outcome collection and documentation in medical music therapy: process-improvement study Journal Article uri icon
  • BACKGROUND: To measure the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic interventions delivered during clinical care, investigators need to ensure robust and routine data collection without disrupting individualized patient care or adding unnecessary documentation burden. OBJECTIVE: A process-improvement study was undertaken to improve documentation consistency and increase the capture of patient-reported outcomes (PROs; ie, stress, pain, anxiety, and coping) within a medical music therapy (MT) team. METHODS: We used 2 Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles to improve documentation processes among an MT team (13.3 clinical full-time equivalent staff). Trainings focused on providing skills and resources for optimizing pre- and postsession PRO collection, specific guidelines for entering session data in the electronic health record, and opportunities for the team to provide feedback. Two comparisons of therapists' PRO collection rates were conducted: (1) between the 6 months before PDSA Cycle 1 (T0) and PDSA Cycle 1 (T1), and (2) between T1 and PDSA Cycle 2 (T2). RESULTS: Music therapists' rates of capturing any PRO within MT sessions increased significantly (P<.001) from T0 to T1 and from T1 to T2 for all domains, including stress (4/2758, 0.1% at T0; 1012/2786, 36.3% at T1; and 393/775, 50.7% at T2), pain (820/2758, 29.7% at T0; 1444/2786, 51.8% at T1; and 476/775, 61.4% at T2), anxiety (499/2758, 18.1% at T0; 950/2786, 34.1% at T1; and 400/775, 51.6% at T2), and coping (0/2758, 0% at T0; 571/2786, 20.5% at T1; and 319/775, 41.2% at T2). Music therapists' feedback and findings from a retrospective analysis were used to create an improved electronic health record documentation template. CONCLUSIONS: Rates of PRO data collection improved within the medical MT team. Although the process improvement in this study was applied to a nonpharmacologic MT intervention, the principles are applicable to numerous inpatient clinical providers. As hospitals continue to implement nonpharmacologic therapies in response to the Joint Commission's recommendations, routine PRO collection will provide future researchers with the ability to evaluate the impact of these therapies on pain relief and opioid use.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2023
  • published in
  • JMIR human factors  Journal
  • Research
  • Medical Records Systems, Computerized
  • Music
  • Pain
  • Patient-Centered Care
  • Quality Improvement
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Additional Document Info
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