Cell count and cell density decrease as age increases in cadaveric pediatric medial menisci Journal Article uri icon
  • PURPOSE: To examine the histologic changes in terms of cellularity, cell density, and nuclear shape in medial meniscal cellularity during skeletal development using pediatric cadaver specimens. METHODS: Medial menisci from 26 pediatric cadavers, 11 female and 15 male (total 36 menisci), were obtained from tissue bank. Mean age of female donors was 34 months (1-108 months) and of male donors was 52 months (1-132 months). Menisci were processed and embedded in paraffin blocks. Each tissue block containing 6 representative areas of meniscus (anterior root, anterior horn, body [n = 2], posterior horn, and posterior root) was sectioned at 4 microns and stained with hematoxylin and eosin for evaluation of chondrocyte nuclei. Each of the 6 representative areas was imaged at 10×; one image on peripheral one-third of section, the second image on central two-thirds of the section. FIJI imaging software was used to measure cell count, cell density, and nuclear morphology (1 = perfect circle). Data analysis included linear mixed models, Type II analysis of variance tests, and pairwise tests with the Tukey correction to assess statistical significance. RESULTS: Peripheral meniscus was more cellular than central meniscus. The cell count was found to decrease by 14% per year of age. Peripheral cell count decreased at a rate similar to the cell count in the central meniscus. Meniscal cell density was 2× higher peripherally than centrally. Overall average cell density in all locations in the menisci decreased by an average of 14% per year of age. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study reveal decreases in cell count, cell density, and circularity as age increases in cadaveric pediatric medial menisci. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: To better understand the development of pediatric menisci at a cellular level and use this knowledge in the future on how to maintain the menisci in a younger, healthier state.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2023
  • published in
  • Knee
  • Orthopedics
  • Pediatrics
  • Additional Document Info
  • 5
  • issue
  • 6