Survival analysis of posterior composite restorations in National Dental PBRN general dentistry practices Journal Article uri icon
  • OBJECTIVE: Quantify the survival of posterior composite restorations (PCR) placed during the study period in permanent teeth in United States (US) general dental community practices and factors predictive of that survival. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted utilizing de-identified electronic dental record (EDR) data of patients who received a PCR in 99 general dentistry practices in the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network (Network). The final analyzed data set included 700,885 PCRs from 200,988 patients. Descriptive statistics and Kaplan Meier (product limit) estimator were performed to estimate the survival rate (defined as the PCR not receiving any subsequent treatment) after the first PCR was observed in the EDR during the study time. The Cox proportional hazards model was done to account for patient- and tooth-specific covariates. RESULTS: The overall median survival time was 13.3 years. The annual failure rates were 4.5-5.8 % for years 1-5; 5.3-5.7 %, 4.9-5.5 %, and 3.3-5.2 % for years 6-10, 11-15, and 16-20, respectively. The failure descriptions recorded for < 7 % failures were mostly caries (54 %) and broken or fractured tooth/restorations (23 %). The following variables significantly predicted PCR survival: number of surfaces that comprised the PCR; having at least one interproximal surface; tooth type; type of prior treatment received on the tooth; Network region; patient age and sex. Based on the magnitude of the multivariable estimates, no single factor predominated. CONCLUSIONS: This study of Network practices geographically distributed across the US observed PCR survival rates and predictive factors comparable to studies done in academic settings and outside the US. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Specific baseline factors significantly predict the survival of PCRs done in US community dental practices.

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    publication date
  • 2024
  • published in
  • Dental Care
  • Dental Caries
  • Forecasting
  • Retrospective studies
  • Additional Document Info
  • 141