Immediate effects of integrative health and medicine modalities among outpatients with moderate-to-severe symptoms Journal Article uri icon
  • BACKGROUND: Patients seeking integrative health and medicine (IHM) modalities often present with multiple physical and psychological concerns. Research supports IHM's effectiveness for addressing symptoms over longer time periods. However, few studies have evaluated immediate outpatient effects. OBJECTIVE: This study describes pre-encounter patient-reported outcome (PRO) clusters and examines the immediate clinical effectiveness of IHM modalities on pain, stress, and anxiety among outpatients with moderate-to-severe symptoms. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of encounters among adults presenting to outpatient acupuncture, chiropractic, massage, integrative medicine consultation, or osteopathic manipulation treatment between January 2019 and July 2020. Encounters were included if patients reported pre-encounter pain, stress, or anxiety ≥ 4 on the NRS. Multiple IHM modalities yielded clinically meaningful ( ≥ 2 unit) immediate reductions in these symptoms. Future research measuring immediate and longitudinal effectiveness is needed to optimize the triage and coordination of IHM modalities to meet patients' needs. ≥ 4 on a numeric rating scale (NRS). Outcome analyses included random effects for patient and provider using a mixed model. RESULTS: Across 7335 clinical encounters among 2530 unique patients (mean age: 49.14 years; 81.0% female; 75.9% White; 15.8% Black/African American), the most common pre-encounter PRO clusters were pain, stress, and anxiety ≥ 4 (32.4%); pain ≥ 4 only (31.3%); and stress and anxiety ≥ 4 (15.6%). Clinically meaningful single-encounter mean [95% CI] changes were observed across all modalities in pain (-2.50 [-2.83, -2.17]), stress (-3.22 [-3.62, -2.82]), and anxiety (-3.05 [-3.37, -2.73]). CONCLUSION: Patients presenting to outpatient IHM with moderate-to-severe symptoms most often presented with pain, stress, and anxiety

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2024
  • published in
  • Alternative Therapies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Additional Document Info
  • 13