Acute lobar atelectasis [review]
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Lobar atelectasis (or collapse) is an exceedingly common, rather predictable, and potentially pathogenic companion to many forms of acute illness, postoperative care, and chronic debility. Readily diagnosed by using routine chest imaging and bedside ultrasound, the consequences from lobar collapse may be minor or serious, depending on extent, mechanism, patient vulnerability, abruptness of onset, effectiveness of hypoxic vasoconstriction, and compensatory reserves. Measures taken to reduce secretion burden, assure adequate secretion clearance, maintain upright positioning, reverse lung compression, and sustain lung expansion accord with a logical physiologic rationale. Both classification and logical approaches to prophylaxis and treatment of lobar atelectasis derive from a sound mechanistic knowledge of its causation.
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