No established link between repeated transient chokes and chronic traumatic encephalopathy related effects [editorial] Editorial Article uri icon


  • This letter to the editor is in response to "Dangers of Mixed Martial Arts in the Development of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy" by authors Lim, Ho, and Ho, which was published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2019; 16: 254). This communication clarifies some potentially misleading word choices by the authors and addresses the insinuated, but not established, link between repeated transient choking episodes during martial arts training and a gradual decline in neuropsychiatric testing in the patient presented in the report.

publication date

  • 2019