Abdominal aortic aneurysm events in the women's health initiative: cohort study Journal Article uri icon
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between potential risk factors and subsequent clinically important abdominal aortic aneurysm events (repairs and ruptures) in women. DESIGN: Large prospective observational cohort study with mean follow-up of 7.8 years. SETTING: 40 clinical centres across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: 161 808 postmenopausal women aged 50-79 enrolled in the women's health initiative. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Association of self reported or measured baseline variables with confirmed abdominal aortic aneurysm events assessed with multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Events occurred in 184 women and were strongly associated with age and smoking. Ever smoking, current smoking, and amount smoked all contributed independent risk. Diabetes showed a negative association (odds ratio 0.29, 95% confidence interval 0.13, 0.68), as did postmenopausal hormone therapy. Positive associations were also seen for height, hypertension, cholesterol lowering treatment, and coronary and peripheral artery disease. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm the strong positive associations of clinically important abdominal aortic aneurysm with age and smoking in women and the negative association with diabetes previously reported in men.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2008
  • published in
  • Aged
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/*epidemiology/surgery
  • Aortic Rupture/*epidemiology/surgery
  • Body Height
  • Cohort Studies
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy/statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Regression, Psychology
  • Smoking/epidemiology
  • Women's Health
  • Additional Document Info
  • 337