Management of high-energy acetabular fractures in the elderly individuals: a current review
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Acetabular fractures in the elderly individuals are increasing in prevalence. Although there is evidence in the literature that acetabular fractures in elderly patients sustained as a result of low-energy mechanisms can be well treated by nonoperative management, open reduction and internal fixation, or even acute arthroplasty, almost no literature exists that may appropriately guide the treatment of elderly acetabular fractures that occur as a result of high-energy mechanisms. In spite of this lack of evidence, specific principles for providing the best care in adult trauma patients may reasonably be adopted. These principles include aggressive resuscitation and medical optimization; surgical care that focuses on a patient's survival but does not sacrifice skeletal stability; and early mobilization. Best practices that guide the care of hip fracture patients, such as a team approach to care, the use of protocols to guide treatment, and the timing of surgery to occur as soon as is safely possible also should be employed to guide care in patients who have sustained acetabular fractures. Opportunity exists to better study these higher energy fractures and to, thereby, affect outcomes in patients who have sustained them.
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