Postmortem stability of dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase, guanylate cyclase, ATPase, and GTPase in rat striatum
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The stability of dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase, guanylate cyclase, ATPase, and GTPase was measured in homogenates of rat striatal tissue frozen from 0 to 24 h postmortem. ATPase, GTPase, and Mg2+-dependent guanylate cyclase activities showed no significant change over this period. Mn2+-dependent guanylate cyclase activity was stable for 10 h postmortem. Basal and dopamine-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity decreased markedly during the first 5 h. However, when measured in washed membrane preparations, these adenylate cyclase activities remained stable for at least 10 h. Therefore, the postmortem loss of a soluble activator, such as GTP, may decrease the adenylate cyclase activity in homogenates. These results are not consistent with an earlier suggestion that there is a postmortem degradation of the enzyme itself. Other kinetic parameters of dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase can also be measured independently of postmortem changes. Thus, it is possible to investigate kinetic parameters of dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase, guanylate cyclase, ATPase, and GTPase in human brain obtained postmortem.
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