PURPOSE: To assess whether the presence or absence of bronchiectasis has an impact on the patient-reported symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHODS: The study included participants from the COPD Genetic Epidemiology Study (COPDGene®) cohort with available high-resolution chest tomography reporting the presence or absence of bronchiectasis (BE+/BE-) and survey data reporting the presence or absence of chronic bronchitis symptoms (CB+/CB-). Patient symptoms based on the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) were then compared for the different groups. RESULTS: The study population included 7976 participants, mean age 60, Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stages 0 to 4, 18.8% BE+, and 19.5% CB+. The presence or absence of radiographic bronchiectasis was not associated with higher frequency of chronic bronchitis (GOLD 0 group odds ratio [OR] 1.01 [0.78,1.31], GOLD 1-2 group OR 1.19 [0.95, 1.50], GOLD 3-4 group OR 1.26 [0.99, 1.60]). Similarly, CB+ participants had higher SGRQ scores than CB- participants regardless of the presence of BE. CONCLUSIONS: Across all GOLD stages, chronic bronchitis symptoms are associated with worse pulmonary symptoms and significant impairment in quality of life. For patients with chronic bronchitis, the presence or absence of bronchiectasis is not associated with a significant difference in SGRQ symptom scores. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis impose a heavy burden on patients and should be treated regardless of the presence or absence of underlying bronchiectasis.