Hip fracture care during the COVID-19 pandemic: retrospective cohort and literature review [review] Review uri icon

abstract

  • OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate whether the COVID-19 pandemic has affected hip fracture care at a Level I Trauma hospital. The secondary goal was to summarize the published hip fracture reports during the pandemic. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Level I Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-six operatively treated hip fracture patients age ≥65 years, occurring from January 17 to July 2, 2020. INTERVENTION IF ANY: N/A. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: We defined 3 phases of healthcare system response: pre-COVID-19 (period A), acute phase (period B), and subacute phase (period C). The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Clinical outcomes including time to surgery (TTS) and length of stay (LOS) were extracted from the electronic medical record. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients from Period A, 27 patients from Period B, and 32 patients from Period C were included. The 30-day mortality was not statistically different. The mean TTS was 20.0 +/- 14.3 hours and was the longest in Period C (22.1 +/- 9.8 hours), but the difference was not statistically significant. The mean LOS was 113.0 +/- 66.2 hours and was longest in Period B (120.9 +/- 100.6 hours). However, the difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The 30-day mortality, TTS, and LOS were not statistically different across multiple phases of pandemic at a level 1 trauma center. Our results suggest that we successfully adapted new protocol changes and continued to provide evidence-based care for hip fracture patients. Our results were comparable with that of other authors around the world.

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publication date

  • 2021