Is hypertension diagnostic testing and diagnosis associated with psychological distress? Journal Article uri icon
  • BACKGROUND: Psychological impacts of hypertension diagnostic testing and new hypertension diagnoses are unclear. METHODS: BP-CHECK was a randomized diagnostic study conducted in 2017-2019 in an integrated healthcare system. Participants with no hypertension diagnosis or medications and elevated blood pressure (BP) were randomized to one of three diagnostic regimens: (i) Clinic, (ii) Home, or (iii) Kiosk. Participants completed questionnaires at baseline, after completion of the diagnostic regimens, and at 6 months. Outcomes included changes from baseline in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), BP-related worry, and thoughts about having a stroke or heart attack. RESULTS: Participants (nā€…=ā€…482) were mostly over age 50 (77.0%), and White race (80.3%). HRQOL did not significantly change from baseline to 3 weeks or 6 months. Among all participants, BP-related worry and concerns about having a heart attack or stroke increased significantly from baseline to 3 weeks, with heart attack and stroke concerns significantly higher in the Kiosk compared Clinic and Home groups. At 6 months, thoughts about having a heart attack or stroke returned to baseline overall and in the Kiosk group, however BP-related worry was significantly higher among those with, compared to those without, a new hypertension diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The hypertension diagnostic process did not lead to short-term or intermediate-term changes in self-reported HRQOL. However, BP-related worry increased short-term and persisted at 6 months among individuals with a new hypertension diagnosis. Results warrant validation in more representative populations and additional exploration of the impacts of this worry on psychological well-being and hypertension control. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT03130257.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2024
  • published in
  • Hypertension
  • Mental Health
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Quality of Life
  • Questionnaires
  • Randomized Controlled Trials
  • Stress
  • Stroke
  • Additional Document Info
  • 37
  • issue
  • 1