Hip fracture care in Parkinson disease: a retrospective analysis of 1,239 patients Journal Article uri icon
  • INTRODUCTION: Compared to other patients, Parkinson disease (PD) patients may experience suboptimal outcomes after hip fracture. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare characteristics and outcomes of hip fracture patients with PD to those without PD. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all patients admitted for hip fracture within a large healthcare system between July 1, 2017 and June 30, 2019. Demographics, injury characteristics, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), treatment characteristics, and outcomes including complications, readmissions, and mortality were extracted. Patients with PD were compared to those without PD. Chi-square tests, two-sample t-tests, and Fisher exact tests were conducted to identify group differences. RESULTS: A total of 1239 patients were included (4.0% PD and 96.0% non-PD). PD patients were mostly male (59.2%) compared to mostly female non-PD patients 69.4%, P < .001). PD patients on average had a higher CCI (2.3 vs 1.7, P = .040) and more frequently had dementia (42.9% vs 26.7%, P = .013). No PD patients were discharged home without additional assistance compared to 8.1% of patients without PD. More PD patients were discharged to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) than non-PD patients (65.3% vs 48.2%, P = .021). Only 22.4% of PD patients were previously prescribed osteoporosis medication, and only 16.3% were referred for osteoporosis follow-up after fracture. In-house complications, readmissions, and mortality up to 1 year were comparable between groups (P>.191). CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes between PD patients and non-PD patients were mostly equivalent, but more PD patients required discharge to a higher-level care environment compared to non-PD patients. Although PD seems to be a risk factor for hip fracture regardless of age and sex, most patients had not undergone proper screening or preventative treatment for osteoporosis. These results emphasize the need for early bone health evaluation, multidisciplinary collaboration, and care coordination in preventing and treating hip fractures in PD.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2022
  • Research
  • Fractures
  • Hip
  • Orthopedics
  • Osteoporosis
  • Parkinson Disease
  • Prevention
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Additional Document Info
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