30-year cardiovascular disease risk for young adults with serious mental illness Journal Article uri icon
  • OBJECTIVE: To estimate 30-year CVD risk and modifiable risk factors in young adults with serious mental illness (SMI) versus those without, and assess variations in CVD risk by race, ethnicity, and sex. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, we estimated and compared the Framingham 30-year CVD risk score and individual modifiable CVD risk factors in young adult (20-39 years) primary care patients with and without SMI at two US healthcare systems (January 2016-Septemeber 2018). Interaction terms assessed whether the SMI-risk association differed across demographic groups. RESULTS: Covariate-adjusted 30-year CVD risk was significantly higher for those with (n=4228) versus those without (n=155,363) SMI (RR 1.28, 95% CI [1.26, 1.30]). Patients with SMI had higher rates of hypertension (OR 2.02 [1.7, 2.39]), diabetes (OR 3.14 [2.59, 3.82]), obesity (OR 1.93 [1.8, 2.07]), and smoking (OR 4.94 [4.6, 5.36]). The increased 30-year CVD risk associated with SMI varied significantly by race and sex: there was an 8% higher risk in Black compared to White patients (RR 1.08, [1.04, 1.12]) and a 9% lower risk in men compared to women (RR 0.91 [0.88, 0.94]). CONCLUSIONS: Young adults with SMI are at increased 30-year risk of CVD, and further disparities exist for Black individuals and women.

  • Link to Article
    publication date
  • 2023
  • published in
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Hypertension
  • Mental Disorders
  • Racial Groups
  • Risk Factors
  • Additional Document Info
  • 85