Value and limitations of transpulmonary pressure calculations during intra-abdominal hypertension uri icon

abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of progressively increasing intra-abdominal pressure on esophageal pressure, transpulmonary pressure, and functional residual capacity. DESIGN: Controlled application of increased intra-abdominal pressure at two positive end-expiratory pressure levels (1 and 10 cm H2O) in an anesthetized porcine model of controlled ventilation. SETTING: Large animal laboratory of a university-affiliated hospital. SUBJECTS: Eleven deeply anesthetized swine (weight 46.2 +/- 6.2 kg). INTERVENTIONS: Air-regulated intra-abdominal hypertension (0-25 mm Hg). MEASUREMENTS: Esophageal pressure, tidal compliance, bladder pressure, and end-expiratory lung aeration by gas dilution. MAIN RESULTS: Functional residual capacity was significantly reduced by increasing intra-abdominal pressure at both positive end-expiratory pressure levels (p

publication date

  • 2013