Primary care physician perspectives on using team care in clinical practice Journal Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Primary care physicians were prompted to refer eligible patients with uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) to a program that offered home blood pressure telemonitoring and pharmacist care management. Understanding attitudes, barriers and facilitators, and use of team care in this program provides insight into how physicians incorporate team care into their practice. OBJECTIVE: To understand physician attitudes and use of team care in the context of a study intervention that included telehealth care with pharmacist care management. METHODS: Clinicians who were part of the telehealth intervention arm of the Hyperlink 3 study and had at least 20 opportunities to refer an eligible patient with HTN to a clinical pharmacist were invited to be interviewed. Nine physician interviews were conducted, recorded, and transcribed. Each interview lasted approximately 30 minutes and followed an interview guide, allowing for some variation and deeper dives into content on the basis of the clinician response. Three research staff coded each interview and sorted coded text to identify patterns at the physician level and then identified themes across interviews using a comparative process. RESULTS: Physicians had an overall positive attitude about team care. Communication, access, trust, and perceived role competency of team members influenced physician engagement in team care. Individualized practice styles influenced how physicians used team care and which care team members they involved most often. All physicians felt that their individual style best achieved high-quality care. CONCLUSION: For health care teams to be most effective, an understanding of how a physician's practice style influences their use of team care is likely to be more successful than a one-size-fits-all approach. Incorporating practice style into the key factors necessary for high-functioning teams, such as communication, access, and trust, is necessary for health care teams to thrive.

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publication date

  • 2021