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Desai, Jay R., PhD, MPH
Former Research Investigator

Joined the Institute: 2011

Education and training: PhD and MPH (epidemiology), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Overview/research interests: Chronic disease epidemiology, prevention and quality improvement in adults and children, including diabetes, diabetes prevention, cardiovascular disease, and cancer prevention; health equity research; clinical decision support for primary care providers and patients; dissemination and implementation research; large electronic health record studies; and mHealth interventions.

Current research activities and funding:

  • Reducing Cardiovascular Risk in Prediabetes Patients Using EHR-Based Decision Support Cardiovascular Benefits and Safety of Glucose-Lowering Therapies in Adults with Diabetes
  • Minnesota Medicaid Incentives for Prevention of Diabetes
  • Prioritized Clinical Decision Support to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk
  • The Patient Outcomes Research to Advance Learning (PORTAL) Network Adult Overweight and Obesity Cohort
  • NIH Health Delivery Systems Center for Diabetes Translational Research
  • Multi-Level Communication Strategies for HPV Vaccination in Hmong Adolescents
  • A Path to Identifying Effective Treatments for Hmong Adults Suffering from Gout and Gout Related Co-Morbidities



  • Research Investigator, Community and population health 2011 -
  • Publications While At HealthPartners
    selected publications
    Journal Article
  • Preoperative depression status and 5 year metabolic and bariatric surgery outcomes in the PCORnet Bariatric Study cohort
    Annals of Surgery. 2023
  • "We will do whatever it takes": understanding socioecological level influences on Hmong-American adolescents and parents' perceptions of the human papillomavirus vaccine
    Journal of Cancer Education. 2022
  • Assessing the implementation of a clinical decision support tool in primary care for diabetes prevention: a qualitative interview study using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Science
    BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. 2022
  • Clinician perceptions of a clinical decision support system to reduce cardiovascular risk among prediabetes patients in a predominantly rural healthcare system
    BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. 2022
  • Implementing a prediabetes clinical decision support system in a large primary care system: design, methods, and pre-implementation results
    Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2022
  • Unique considerations for the management of gout in the Hmong population: examining tertiary encounters at a large regional health care system
    Arthritis Care & Research. 2022
  • Using advanced racial and ethnic identity demographics to improve surveillance of work-related conditions in an occupational clinic setting
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2022
  • Association of cardiovascular outcomes and mortality with sustained long-acting insulin only vs long-acting plus short-acting insulin treatment
    JAMA network open. 2021
  • A commercially available crime index may be a reliable alternative to actual census-tract crime in an urban area
    Preventive medicine reports. 2020
  • Comparison of mortality and major cardiovascular events among adults with type 2 diabetes using human vs analogue insulins
    JAMA network open. 2020
  • The effects of financial incentives on diabetes prevention program attendance and weight loss among low-income patients: the We Can Prevent Diabetes cluster-randomized controlled trial
    BMC public health. 2020
  • Facilitators and barriers of cervical cancer screening and human papilloma virus vaccination among Somali refugee women in the United States: a qualitative analysis
    Journal of Transcultural Nursing. 2019
  • Safety and effectiveness of longer-term phentermine use: clinical outcomes from an electronic health record cohort
    Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.). 2019
  • Associations of overweight/obesity and socioeconomic status with hypertension prevalence across racial and ethnic groups
    Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.). 2018
  • Clinical decision support directed to primary care patients and providers reduces cardiovascular risk: a randomized trial
    Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2018
  • Cost-effectiveness of a community-based diabetes prevention program with participation incentives for medicaid beneficiaries
    Health Services Research. 2018
  • Male undergraduates' HPV vaccination behavior: implications for achieving HPV-associated cancer equity
    Journal of Community Health. 2018
  • Understanding primary care provider attitudes and behaviors regarding cardiovascular disease risk and diabetes prevention in the northern midwest
    Clinical Diabetes. 2018
  • Financial incentives for diabetes prevention in a Medicaid population: study design and baseline characteristics
    Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2017
  • High rates of severe hypoglycemia among African American patients with diabetes: the surveillance, prevention, and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) network
    Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications. 2017
  • Severe hypoglycemia requiring medical intervention in a large cohort of adults with diabetes receiving care in U.S. integrated health care delivery systems: 2005-2011
    Diabetes care. 2016
  • An innovative approach to informing research: gathering perspectives on diabetes care challenges from an online patient community
  • Methods for engaging stakeholders in comparative effectiveness research: a patient-centered approach to improving diabetes care
    Healthcare (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 2015
  • Prevalence of chronic kidney disease among individuals with diabetes in the SUPREME-DM Project, 2005-2011
    Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications. 2015
  • Preventable major cardiovascular events associated with uncontrolled glucose, blood pressure, and lipids and active smoking in adults with diabetes with and without cardiovascular disease: a contemporary analysis
    Diabetes care. 2015
  • Trends in diabetes incidence among 7 million insured adults, 2006-2011: the SUPREME-DM project
    American Journal of Epidemiology. 2015
  • Who must we target now to minimize future cardiovascular events and total mortality? Lessons from the Surveillance, Prevention and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) cohort study
    Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. 2015
  • Accuracy of hemoglobin A1c imputation using fasting plasma glucose in diabetes research using electronic health records data
  • Diabetes care and outcomes for American Indians and Alaska natives in commercial integrated delivery systems: a SUrveillance, PREvention, and ManagEment of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) Study
    BMJ open diabetes research & care. 2014
  • Randomized trial of telephone outreach to improve medication adherence and metabolic control in adults with diabetes
    Diabetes care. 2014
  • Benefits of early hypertension control on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes
    Diabetes care. 2013
  • Current status and future prospects for electronic point-of-care clinical decision support in diabetes care
    Current Diabetes Reports. 2013
  • Construction of a multisite DataLink using electronic health records for the identification, surveillance, prevention, and management of diabetes mellitus: the SUPREME-DM project
    Preventing Chronic Disease. 2012
  • Diabetes and asthma case identification, validation, and representativeness when using electronic health data to construct registries for comparative effectiveness and epidemiologic research
    Medical Care. 2012
  • Cardiovascular disease risks in Hmong refugees from Wat Tham Krabok, Thailand
    Journal of immigrant and minority health. 2009
  • Randomized trial of quality improvement intervention to improve diabetes care in primary care settings
    Diabetes care. 2005
  • Diabetic patients who smoke: are they different?
    Annals of Family Medicine. 2004
  • Improving diabetes care and outcomes: the secondary benefits of a public health-managed care research collaboration
    Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. 2003
  • Variation in diabetes care by age: opportunities for customization of care
    BMC Family Practice. 2003
  • Chapter
  • Diabetes
    Chronic disease epidemiology and control. 2010
  • Abstract
  • A web-based clinical decision support system (Wizard) increases appropriate cardiometabolic diagnostic coding at primary care visits [abstract]
    Journal of patient-centered research and reviews. 2019
  • Dissemination and sustained use of an outpatient clinical decision system with high use rates, high clinician satisfaction, and positive impact on quality of care [abstract]
    Journal of patient-centered research and reviews. 2019
  • Variation in care improvement opportunities suggests need for tailored clinician-specific improvement interventions [abstract]
    Journal of patient-centered research and reviews. 2019
  • A comparison of the impact of the 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension guidelines on primary care populations with and without diabetes [abstract]
    Diabetes. 2018
  • Impact of human versus analog insulins on occurrence of myocardial infarction [abstract]
    Diabetologia. 2017
  • All is not equal...or is it? Targeting uncontrolled cardiovascular risk factors in racial and ethnic populations to prevent major cardiovascular events [abstract]
    Diabetologia. 2016
  • Can financial incentives prevent diabetes in a low-income population? [abstract]
    Diabetes. 2016
  • Comparative effectiveness of two diabetes clinical decision support systems on cardiometabolic outcomes and CV risk: randomized trial [abstract 2304-PUB]
    Diabetes. 2016
  • Designing outpatient diabetes care clinical decision support systems for high use rates [abstract 2309-PUB]
    Diabetes. 2016
  • Overuse and underuse of acetyl-salicylic acid for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes [abstract]
    Diabetologia. 2016
  • Are composite measures of diabetes quality of care associated with major CV events [abstract 440-P]?
    Diabetes. 2015
  • How to minimize future CV events and total mortality in adults with diabetes: lessons from the 10,000,000 person-year SUPREME Cohort Study [abstract]
    Diabetes. 2015
  • Severe hypoglycemia in a large cohort of adults with diabetes mellitus treated in U.S. integrated health care delivery systems, 2005-2011 [abstract 390-P]
    Diabetes. 2015
  • Surveillance of cardiovascular events and total mortality among insured adults with and without diabetes: the SUPREME Cohort Study [abstract 55-OR]
    Diabetes. 2015
  • Randomized trial of telephone outreach to improve medication adherence and metabolic control in adults with diabetes [abstract]
    Diabetes. 2014
  • Diabetes prevalence among 2.4 million health maintenance organisation (HMO) members < 20 years of age, 2005-2009: the SUPREME-DM project [abstract]
    Diabetologia. 2012
  • Diabetes prevalence among 7 million adult HMO members, 2005-2009: The SUPREME-DM Project [abstract]
    Diabetes. 2012
  • Experiences in designing a simple education interface for shared decision support for cardiovascular risk [abstract]
    Clinical Medicine & Research. 2012
  • Five-year incidence of diabetes among 6.7 million adult HMO members: the SUPREME-DM Project [abstract]
    Diabetes. 2012
  • Prevalence of elevated blood pressure and BMI in U.S. children and adolescents [abstract]
    Clinical Medicine & Research. 2012
  • Use of electronic health records to estimate 5-year incidence of diabetes among health maintenance organization (HMO) members <20 years of age: the SUPREME-DM Project [abstract]
    Pediatric Diabetes. 2012
  • presentations
  • Addressing missing data and clinical relapse can improve composite diabetes quality of care measure [presentation], HMO Research Network 20th Annual Conference: Embedded Research to Improve Health
  • Benefits of early versus later hypertension treatment and control on cardiovascular outcomes in those with diabetes: clinical and research implications [presentation], HMO Research Network (HMORN) 18th Annual Conference--Learning Health Care Systems: Leading Through Research
  • Chronic diseases in Hmong refugees from Wat Tham Krabok, Thailand [presentation], HealthPartners Celebration of Research Annual Conference
  • Comparative cardiovascular safety of human versus analog insulins [presentation]
  • Declining rates of major cardiovascular events in adults with and without diabetes: 2005-2011 [presentation], Minnesota Health Services Research 18th Annual Conference
  • Declining rates of major cardiovascular events in adults with and without diabetes: 2005-2011 [presentation] , HMO Research Network 20th Annual Conference: Embedded Research to Improve Health
  • Diabetes registries for CER, surveillance and other research purposes [presentation]
  • Do financial incentives improve diabetes prevention program outcomes among Medicaid beneficiaries? The We Can Prevent Diabetes Study [presentation]
  • Health informatics technology in diabetes care [presentation]
  • Impact of human versus analog insulins on mortality and occurrence of myocardial infarction [presentation]
  • Impact of human versus analog insulins on occurrence of myocardial infarction [presentation]
  • Multi-site diabetes registry using electronic health records: identification, validation, and representativeness [presentation]
  • Point-of-care prioritized clinical decision support reduces cardiovascular risk in adults with elevated cardiovascular risk: randomized trial [presentation], Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation in Health, 10th Annual
  • Recent trends in CV risk factor control and CV risk in adults with diabetes [presentation]
  • SUPREME-DM: surveillance, prevention, and management of diabetes mellitus. The diabetes datalink. Practical applications, challenges, and opportunities: how registries can help support a learning healthcare system [presentation]
  • SUrveillance, PREvention, and ManagEment of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM): trends in myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, and all-cause mortality in patients with and without diabetes, 2005-2011 [presentation], Minnesota Health Services Research Conference
  • Using CV wizard to reduce CV risk in adults [presentation]
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