Finding out you have lung cancer can bring about many emotions. We’re here to help you get answers, regain control and guide you through the treatment process.
At HealthPartners and Park Nicollet, we take a team-based approach to cancer treatment so we can provide comprehensive care for the physical, mental and emotional impact of cancer. Our team of board-certified oncologists, pulmonologists, surgeons and other specialists use the latest treatment options, research and integrative therapies to create a targeted treatment plan personalized to you.
We have state-of-the-art cancer centers and leading specialists, so expert care and support are always available for you and your family.
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Lung cancer is a type of cancer that starts in your lungs. When cells grow out of control, they can form tumors that make it hard for your lungs to function properly.
There are many different kinds of lung cancer, but most can be divided into two main types:
NSCLC is the most common type of lung cancer. Around 85 percent of lung cancer cases are NSCLC, caused by larger cells that form tumors in the lungs. There are many different types of NSCLC, but the most common are: adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma.
SCLC is less common than NSCLC, making up around 15 percent of lung cancer cases. This cancer is made up of much smaller cells, and it spreads more rapidly than NSCLC. This type of lung cancer is commonly linked to smoking.
Many symptoms of lung cancer can be similar to symptoms of other lung conditions. For that reason, consider scheduling an appointment with one of our primary care doctors first. Any time you have new or unusual symptoms that you are concerned about or are getting worse, you should call your doctor’s office to decide on next steps. They diagnose hundreds of conditions and can help get you answers. If your care requires additional expertise, we’ll connect you directly with one of our specialists.
Here are common symptoms of lung cancer:
During your appointment, we’ll talk to you about your symptoms and give you a physical exam. Usually, we’ll need additional information to formally diagnose lung cancer. Common tests used include:
A chest X-ray is a non-invasive procedure that uses radiation to take a picture of the inside of your lungs. This enables our doctors to check for growths, tumors and damage inside your lungs caused by cancer.
A CT scan is a non-invasive test similar to an X-ray. But, unlike an X-ray, you’ll lie on a table while the scanner moves around your body to take pictures of your lungs at every angle. Tumors are more likely to show up on a CT scan, and CT scans are able to show the exact size, shape and location of lung tumors.
Sputum is another word for the mixture of mucus and blood you might cough up from your lungs. We might request samples of your sputum to examine under a microscope. Usually, samples will be taken in the morning for three days in a row for the most accurate results.
Sometimes, we might notice small masses in the lungs. Often, these masses aren’t cancerous. In order to check whether tissue is cancerous, we might recommend a biopsy. During a biopsy, a small amount of the mass is removed so it can be examined under a microscope. We’ll use anesthesia when needed to help keep you comfortable during the procedure. Your doctor will talk to you about whether a biopsy is necessary.
Advancements in cancer research have found that each person’s response to cancer treatment is incredibly unique. We recognize that no two treatment plans will be exactly alike and work closely with you to create a personalized treatment plan. It’s likely you’ll need a combination of several types of treatment options and our oncologists, radiation oncologists, thoracic surgeons and pulmonologists will work together to find the most effective combination for you.
Common types of treatment include:
Chemotherapy, often called “chemo,” uses drugs to kill cancerous cells. It’s commonly used to treat cancer or stop cancer from growing by shrinking the tumors. Chemotherapy can be used to treat both SCLC and NSCLC as the main treatment or along with surgery, radiation or other treatments for the best possible result.
Immunotherapy uses antibodies to activate one’s immune system to kill cancerous cells. It’s commonly used to treat cancer or stop cancer from growing by shrinking the tumors. Immunotherapy can be used to treat both SCLC and NSCLC as monotherapy or along with chemotherapy, radiation or other treatments for the best possible result.
Radiation therapy is used to treat and manage cancer in affected areas of the body by using beams of intense energy to damage or slow the growth of cancer cells. Unlike normal cells, cancer cells can’t heal damage caused by radiation. Radiation therapy can be used alone or along with other treatments like surgery or chemotherapy.
Surgery is often recommended for patients with NSCLC. Lung surgery can only be performed if you’ll have enough healthy tissue left after tumors are removed so that your lungs can function properly. Surgery has the best cure rate for NSCLC. We’ll work with you determine if lung surgery is a good treatment option for you.
Targeted therapy is a type of treatment used to treat NSCLC that uses strong medicines to target cancer cells directly. This treatment can isolate and change specific behaviors within cancer cells, like stopping their growth, killing cancer cells or blocking chemical signals within the cells. Because targeted therapy attacks cancer cells, it does less damage to normal, healthy cells than chemotherapy. This treatment is most often recommended alongside chemotherapy for people with advanced lung cancer.
Our team can offer new therapies in development for treatment of lung cancer. Participation in clinical research may directly help the person with lung cancer and advance knowledge that can help with treatment of future lung cancer patients.
Learn more about our research.
During your cancer treatment, we help make sure that you and your family feel as comfortable and supported as possible. To do this, we offer a wide-range of services as part of personalized treatment plans, including:
Integrative therapies are supporting treatments some people choose to have in addition to their cancer treatments. They’re used to reduce the side effects of cancer treatments and improve your overall emotional and spiritual well-being. Common types of integrative therapies include massage, healing touch, reflexology, music therapy and acupuncture.
Palliative care helps improve the quality of life for people with advanced stages of cancer. Palliative care works alongside medical care to keep you comfortable and provide additional support. Our specialized palliative care team works closely with our oncology department so the support you need during your illness is easily accessible. Our palliative care team will help you understand your treatments, do daily activities, coordinate communication with your doctor and can perform other services to help support you and your family.
Good nutrition is needed to support the increased demands on your body while you heal. The benefits include preserving muscle mass, a healthy immune system, fewer complications and a better quality of life. We’ll recommend different nutrition guidelines to you depending on your type of cancer, stage of cancer or treatment plan. Our registered nutritionists can provide nutrition counseling to help with managing weight changes, dealing with side effects of treatment and navigating nutrition recommendations.
Some of NSCLC have developed as a consequence of one main “driving” malignant cancer growth mutation. It is very important to test cancer tissue for presence of this mutation because these cancers can be treated with targeted therapy that can be very powerful in controlling NSCLC. Our center routinely test for the presence of these mutations.
Cancer develops by chance, but people with a family history of cancer might be at a higher risk. It’s possible to have a gene mutation that can be passed from generation to generation. A genetic counselor can meet with you to go over your personal or family history of cancer and help you understand your hereditary risks. If you have questions about genetic counseling or want to know if genetic counseling is right for you, please ask your care team.
Cancer can change the way your body functions. What used to be easy might become more difficult because of fatigue, joint pain, stiffness, weakness, numbing or swelling. Some people might even develop difficulty thinking, balancing, speaking or swallowing. Cancer rehabilitation is a type of treatment that helps you improve your function and ability to do daily activities. We’ll recommend the best treatments for you, which may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and others.
We provide a specialty pharmacy that’s staffed by pharmacists who are experts in cancer medications. Because our pharmacy is fully integrated with our cancer treatment centers, our pharmacists are able to work closely with your treatment team. This helps to make sure you get the special medications you need to treat and manage cancer. Our team will help you understand the cost of your medication and help you with your insurance.
The Accreditation Commission for Health Care (ACHC) has recognized us as a specialty pharmacy with a Distinction in Oncology.
Home care is when doctor-led care is provided in the comfort of your home. The goal is to manage your condition, keep you comfortable and ensure you can safely live in your home. Our team of doctors, nurses and aides will work with you to develop a care plan that meets your needs. If you think home care is the best option for you or your family member, please talk to a member of your care team. We’ll answer your questions and guide you to helpful resources.
Hospice is a type of individualized care provided to patients. The goal of hospice care is to relieve pain and help a patient’s final days be as comfortable and meaningful as possible. Hospice care doesn’t happen in a specific place. Instead, we can provide hospice care wherever you and your family feel most comfortable, including at home, in an assisted living facility, in a hospital or in a residential hospice facility. We’ll work with you to develop a care plan that helps with your medical needs along with the emotional and spiritual needs of you and your family.
It’s possible for lung cancer to affect any of us, but some people have a higher risk of developing lung cancer. Risk factors include:
If you or someone you know is at higher risk for developing lung cancer, talk to your primary care doctor about whether or not a lung cancer screening is right for you.
It’s never too late to benefit from quitting smoking. If you’re ready to quit, we’ll work with you to help make that happen. Our doctors can connect you with health coaches, quit aids and other materials for support while you quit.
Make an appointment with one of our primary care doctors to get started.
No, it’s possible for anyone to get lung cancer. While many lung cancer diagnoses are tied to smoking, 17 percent of lung cancer patients have no link to tobacco.
Other causes linked to lung cancer are exposure to secondhand smoke, air pollution, radon and asbestos. A family history of lung cancer might also increase your risk of developing lung cancer.
Yes, our patients are able to participate in clinical trials if they meet the requirements. Take a look at our current clinical trials and learn more about our ongoing cancer research.
Our team of board-certified doctors, nurses, technologists and other medical professionals will be by your side to make sure you’re getting the care you need during every step of your treatment. Our care team is here to help you navigate your treatment, with help scheduling your appointments, managing your treatments while supporting you and your loved ones throughout your treatment process.
Depending on your treatment plan, you might work with:
We accept most health insurance plans, including Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota, CIGNA, HealthPartners, Medica, Medicare, PreferredOne and many others.
Not sure what your insurance covers? Call the number on the back of your card for help looking at your options.
Don’t have your card in front of you? Here are member services numbers to help you get started: